Топик на английском The Electoral System of Great Britain (Избирательная система Великобритании)

Меню сайта

Не пропустите!

Всё самое интересное по английскому языку в нашей рассылке! Присоединяйтесь!

Укажите Ваш email:

Топик на английском The Electoral System of Great Britain (Избирательная система Великобритании)

Elections to the House of Commons, known as parliamentary elections, form the basis of Britain's democratic system. First universal suffrage was demanded by the British working people in 1837 in the petition known as People's Charter. Now each British citizen over eighteen has the right to vote (except prisoners, lords and mentally ill).

General election to choose MPs must be held at least every five years.  Voting is by secret ballot.

The foundations of the British electoral system were laid in the Middle Ages. The system still has its old form with each community electing one representative to serve as its MP until the next general election. The whole country is divided into 650 parliamentary constituencies everyone of which is supposed to choose a single member. Any number of candidates from all parties can stand for election in each constituency.

A relative majority system of voting is used. In a constituency where a single member is supposed to be elected, the candidate who gets more votes than each other candidate separately taken wins. A candidate, for example, might get only 11% of votes but if it is more than each of his rivals gets separately taken he is elected, though 89% of voters didn't support him and the party he represents. An absolute majority system is more democratic. It means that a candidate is elected if he gets 50% of votes and one vote more.

Теги: electoral system of great britain | english story | english topics | great britain | выборы великобритании | избирательная система великобритании | топик на английском


Добавить комментарий

Вы pобoт:

Поиск по сайту

Использование материалов в интернете допустимо только с согласия авторов, с обязательной гиперссылкой на сайт www.englishelp.ru
Использование материалов в печатных СМИ возможно только после получения письменного разрешения авторов.